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General assumptions Strategic Vision EDU Armed Forces 2045


I use a number of general assumptions in my Vision EDU Forces 2045. Worked out in this page!


download last update: 26-09-2022 18:30
– Included EUropean programmes for combat and (heavy) transport helicopters.
– CT 30 mm LR on the (Sea/Land) Protector RWS/APPS will become 40 mm CL AGL (fixed combi system replacing the now commonly used 12.7 mm heavy machine guns in addition to the now influxing active protection system/APSs and smoke canister protection launchers. Looks a bit like this Arquus Hornet RWS).
– Change in recce vehicles types in my brigade set up in Land Forces.
– Correction squad set-up. Still 10 members but crew for vehicles separated from squad again. So 4 members crew in battle tanks, 2 members crew in IFV&APC. All working in attack helicopter like set-up, doubled in the battle tanks.
– Changes size of naval units and air squadrons with extra reserve.
– In 2045, NATO will no longer exist. Even though it now thinks to be alive again because of the conflict in Ukraine after the French president Macron recently called NATO brain death…now the EU seems to become brain death after taking a wrong turn. But this is an apparent phase…just like the earlier claimed NATO successes of its missions in Kosovo and Afghanistan and Iraq and Libya and Syria…and so now Ukraine. The organisation took the wrong turn by collaborating with US and UK and their sympathisers in their egocentric nationalistic project against Russia…and the EU(!!). And will, unlike the EU, not be able to come back and recover from that.
– rotation scheme naval vessels and crews.
– Changes in numbers of naval forces.
– Exit 2043, now snapshot 2045, 100 years after end of WO2. More symbolic for Europe as a whole.

– MCMV’s naval forces split into larger ocean and smaller coastal/inland waterways variant. 
– KMW APVT IFV for Marines out, replaced by standard IFV with adaptations. 
– Including Russia, Belarus, Georgia and Armenia.
– Changes numbers fighters EDU air forces.
– Squadron size helicopters and UCAV.
– 3>4 platoons every company. More vehicles.



Index –



In General


GENERAL MAIN TASKS
The grounds for deployment of the armed forces are listed in Article XX of the Constitution. In connection with this, three main tasks of the armed forces can be distinguished, namely:

  • Protection of the integrity of the own and the allied (EU and NATO) territory;
  • Promotion of the international legal order and stability;
  • Supporting civil authorities in law enforcement, disaster relief and humanitarian assistance, both nationally and internationally.

GENERAL AMBITION LEVEL
An ambition level has been formulated based on the main tasks, the safety analysis and the available financial resources.

The Xxxxxx armed forces will contribute to the following:

  • The protection of the own and allied (EDU and NATO) territory if necessary with all available means;
  • An active contribution to the integrated foreign policy of the [NAME COUNTRY]. This includes:
    – high-quality and technologically advanced military contributions to international operations in all parts of the spectrum of violence. The focus will be more on defensive and deterrent operations. However, where necessary one can also take offensive action.
    – Contribute to an integrated, comprehensive approach in which various departments, international organizations, non-governmental organizations and (local or regional) businesses play a role. In this context, the 5D approach is used: Diplomacy, Defense and Development, Disaster Relief and Data.
    5D
  • A contribution to the ambition level of the European Union and EDU. In this context, the armed forces will continue to contribute to the collective defense and response capacities of the European Union, the EDU Battlegroups;
  • A contribution to NATO’s level of ambition. In connection with this, the armed forces will continue to make a contribution of varying size to the NATO Response Force (NRF);
  • Participation (continuous) in an operation in the higher part of the spectrum of violence with xx battalions, xx special force operation group, xx combat aircraft, xx mixed group (combat) helicopters, xx MALE RPAS UCAVs and or a maritime task force of different ships;
  • Simultaneous participation for a longer period of time in a maximum of xx operations in the lower part of the spectrum of violence with task groups of battalion size or, in air operations and maritime operations, their equivalents;
  • Acting in land operations as lead nation at brigade/Division level and, together with other countries, at army force level, in maritime operations as lead nation at task group level and in air operations with contributions at equivalent level;
  • The execution of special operations, including evacuation operations and counter-terrorism operations;
  • Provision of international emergency assistance at the request of civil authorities.
  • Participation in police missions, including those of the European Gendarmerie Unit, with officers and units and in small-scale civil-military missions;
  • Provision of (para) military experts for the education, training and advice of security organizations in other countries;
  • Contributing to the safety of society within the boundaries of the country, under civilian authority. This concerns in particular:
    – the execution of national tasks, such as border control, including the Coast Guard;
    – military assistance with the criminal enforcement of the rule of law as well as the maintenance of public order and security, such as with special assistance units and the deployment of the EOD explosives disposal;
    – (para) military assistance in the fight against disasters.

Defence budget : 2% GDP. No more, no less!

Why is 2% GDP defense budget needed?!

ESF881lXYAA6rKL

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ELECTRONIC AND CYBER WARFARE

Electronic and Cyber warfare is a serious task area for the armed forces and a large Cyber and Electronic Warfare Command operating within the central organisations and units in the separate forces.

Primarily, this is defensively oriented. All weapon systems, but also control and ICT systems and networks that are linked to it, are protected by this command. However, this command also becomes capable of carrying out electronic and cyber attacks in order to disrupt or flatten an opponent’s systems and the like. This either as a deterrent or as a way to complicate the warfare of an opponent.

There is close cooperation with allies within a common Cyber and Electronic Operations Force EDU Staff. This umbrella staff is housed in ….. This leads to a close form of cooperation in the field of operations, education, training, logistics and maintenance. However, all countries remain sovereign with regard to the political decision to deploy their electronic and cyber units and resources. The Commander EDU Cyber and Electronic Operations Force is the head of this staff.

cyberwarrior


EDU STANDARDIZATION AGREEMENT (EDU-STANAG)

Mostly copy the STANAG’s model. Some differences.
– Standard service rifle cartridge : 6x45mm (cased telescoped).
….

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or-37761Land forces


A division consists 2-3 brigades and HQ and support units. A brigade consists of 4 combined arms battalions/regiments and HQ and support units. Each combined arms battalion/regiment consists of 3 (combined) arms companies, HQ and support units. Each (combined) arms company consists of 3 arms platoons, HQ and support unit. Each arms platoon consists of 4 arms squads, HQ and support unit.

As each soldier in a infantry squad of 10 has also a specialisation (as squad leader/navigator/communications, assistent squad leader/navigator/communications, 2 as marksman/driver/fire support, 2 as grenadier/MGL+RPG or MANPADS, 2 as engineer-EOD/rifle+UAV/UGV, 2 as medic/rifle+UAV/UGV). Special operation forces/commando’s use the same kind of setup and specialisations.

Often more of each other’s specialisations are being mastered to make the squad more resilient. Like basic medical knowledge and skills or navigation and communication skills or working with UGV and UAV’s or driving armoured vehicles. In a medium/heavy infantry fighting vehicle/IFV the squad leader and a marksman/driver complement the regular crew of 2 (driver and vehicle leader/navigator/communications/gunner) in a 2×2 driving&fighting team like in the medium/heavy battle tank. Vehicle crew and infantry squad form a collective team operating and fighting together. An Air Mobile Ranger or Marines Raider squad of 10 can operate their own vehicle (say an EagleV 6×6 APC) in a 2+8 combination when using them for their mobility. Using smaller vehicles the squad is split in two.


Mechanized, Airmobile, Marine and Mountain Brigades

Each brigades consists of a :
– HQ/support battalion with
– 3 combined HQ platoons;
– Electronic and cyber warfare company;
– 2 Reconnaissance squadrons/companies.
– 4 combined arms battalions/regiments (details see below);
– Engineer battalion;
– Logistics battalion;
– Maintenance battalion;
– Medical battalion.
– Initial Military Formation Centre (provides the practical training for the brigade’s recruits);
And the Airmobile, Marine and Mountain Brigades also a :
– Helicopter Aviation Regiment (details see Air Forces below).


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The different combined arms battalions/regiments are :

Mechanized combined arms battalion/regiment

Each battalion consists of a :
– HQ/Support company with;
— 3 combined HQ platoons;
— Electronic and cyber warfare platoon;
— Medical platoon;
– Reconnaissance squadron/company;
– 3 Combat companies;
— 3 combined arms companies with 2 platoons with each 4x heavy/medium battle tanks/MBT’s (35-50t) and 2 platoons with 4x heavy/medium infantry fighting vehicles/IFV’s (30-45t);
– 1 artillery battery with 4x Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH)
– 1 artillery battery with 4x Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS);
– 1 Mortar battery with 4x Self-Propelled 120mm Mortars (SPM);
– 1 Air Defence (AD) battery with 4x SHORAD SP air defence systems;
– Engineer company;
– Logistics company;
– Maintenance company.

A rough estimate of the vehicles of all support units of the mechanized combined arms battalion, the brigade and the division multiplied from every available combat battalion :
= +/- 36 heavy/medium battle tanks (24 in units + 12 education/reserve)(like MGCS, NGCS, Leopard2, Leclerc,..);
= +/- 36 heavy/medium IFV’s (24 in units + 12 education/reserve)(like Puma, Warrior, VBCI, IFV versions MGCS and NGCS ..);
= +/- 18 armoured variants on tank chassis (heavy/medium);
= +/- 48 armoured reconnaissance vehicles (medium)(16 in units + 8 education/reserve)(like Ajax recce, EBRC Jaguar, Centauro II,..);
= +/- 6 Self-Propelled 155mm Howitzer (SPH)(4 in units + 2 education/reserve);
= +/- 6 Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS)(4 in units + 2 education/reserve);
= +/- 6 Self-Propelled 120mm Mortar (SPM)(4 in units + 2 education/reserve);
= +/- 6 SHORAD SP air defence systems (4 in units + 2 education/reserve);
= +/- 96 armoured vehicles support variants (heavy like Boxer or Griffon, Piranha, Pandur, Freccia ..)(part UGV/OPV);
= +/- 48 armoured vehicles support variants (medium like EagleV 6×6 or Serval, LMV 6×6, ..)(part UGV/OPV);
= +/- 48 armoured vehicles support variants (light like EagleV 4×4 or VBAE, LMV, VAMTAC, ..)(part UGV/OPV);
= and +/- same total number in heavy and medium trucks, light utility vehicles, motorbikes and trailers.


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Marine combined arms battalion/regiment

Each battalion consists of a :
– HQ/Support company with;
— 3 combined HQ platoons;
— Electronic and cyber warfare platoon;
— Medical platoon;
– 2 Reconnaissance squadron/company;
– 3 Combat companies;
— 2 combined arms company with 2 platoons with each 4x medium/heavy battle tanks/MBT’s (35-50t) and 2 platoons with 4x medium/heavy infantry fighting vehicles/IFV’s (25-40t);
— 1 Raider company with (when not on foot or vessel/LCVP or helicopter) 4 platoons with each 4x wheeled 4×4/6×6 APCs (10-20t);
– 1 artillery battery with 4x Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH)
– 1 artillery battery with 4x Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS);
– 1 Mortar battery with 4x Self-Propelled 120mm Mortars (SPM);
– 1 Air Defence (AD) battery with 4x SHORAD SP air defence systems;
– Engineer company;
– Logistics company;
– Maintenance company.

A rough estimate of the vehicles of all support units of the marine combined arms battalion, the brigade and the division multiplied from every available combat battalion :
= +/- 24 medium/heavy battle tanks (16 in units + 8 education/reserve)(like MGCS, NGCS, Leopard2, Leclerc,..);
= +/- 24 medium/heavy IFV’s (16 in units + 8 education/reserve)(like Puma, Warrior, VBCI, IFV versions MGCS and NGCS ..);
= +/- 24 light wheeled APC’s (16 in units + 8 education/reserve)(like EagleV 6×6, Serval, …);
= +/- 12 armoured variants on tank chassis (medium/heavy);
= +/- 18 armoured reconnaissance vehicles (medium)(12 in units + 6 education/reserve)(like Ajax recce, EBRC Jaguar, Centauro II,..);
= +/- 30 armoured reconnaissance vehicles (light)(20 in units + 10 education/reserve)(like Wiesel 3);
= +/- 6 Self-Propelled 155mm Howitzer (SPH)(4 in units + 2 education/reserve);
= +/- 6 Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS)(4 in units + 2 education/reserve);
= +/- 6 Self-Propelled 120mm Mortar (SPM)(4 in units + 2 education/reserve);
= +/- 6 SHORAD SP air defence systems (4 in units + 2 education/reserve);
= +/- 24 armoured support variants (heavy like Boxer or Griffin, Piranha, Pandur, Freccia..)(part UGV/OPV);
= +/- 72 armoured support variants (medium like BVS10 successor)(part UGV/OPV);
= +/- 72 armoured vehicles (light like EagleV 4×4 or VBAE, LMV, VAMTAC, …)(part UGV/OPV);
= and +/- same total number in medium and light trucks, light utility vehicles, motorbikes and trailers.


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Airborne and mountain combined arms battalion/regiment

Each battalion consists of a :
– HQ/Support company with;
— 3 combined HQ platoons;
— Electronic and cyber warfare platoon;
— Medical platoon;
– Reconnaissance squadron/company;
– 3 Combat companies;
— 1 combined arms company with 2 platoons with each 4x medium/heavy battle tanks/MBT’s (35-50t) and 2 platoons with 4x medium/heavy infantry fighting vehicles/IFV’s (25-40t);
— 2 (Airborne or Mountain) Ranger companies with each (when not on foot or transport plane or helicopter) 4 platoons with each 4x wheeled 4×4/6×6 APCs (10-20t);
– 1 artillery battery with 4x Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH)
– 1 artillery battery with 4x Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS);
– 1 Mortar battery with 4x Self-Propelled 120mm Mortars (SPM);
– 1 Air Defence (AD) battery with 4x SHORAD SP air defence systems;
– Engineer company;
– Logistics company;
– Maintenance company.

A rough estimate of the vehicles of all support units of the airborne and mountain combined arms battalion, the brigade and the division multiplied from every available combat battalion :
= +/- 12 medium/heavy battle tanks (8 in units + 4 education/reserve)(like MGCS, NGCS, Leopard2, Leclerc,..);
= +/- 12 medium/heavy IFV’s (8 in units + 4 education/reserve)(like Puma, VBCI, IFV versions MGCS and NGCS..);
= +/- 48 light wheeled APC’s (32 in units + 16 education/reserve)(medium/light like EagleV 6×6, Serval, …);
= +/- 6 armoured variants on tank chassis (medium/heavy);
= +/- 12 armoured reconnaissance vehicles (light)(8 in units + 4 education/reserve)(like Ajax recce, EBRC Jaguar, Centauro II,..);
= +/- 36 armoured reconnaissance vehicles (light)(24 in units + 12 education/reserve)(like Wiesel 3);
= +/- 6 Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH)(4 in units + 2 education/reserve);
= +/- 6 Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS)(4 in units + 2 education/reserve);
= +/- 6 Self-Propelled 120mm Mortar (SPM)(4 in units + 2 education/reserve);
= +/- 6 SHORAD SP air defence systems (4 in units + 2 education/reserve);
= +/- 24 armoured vehicles support variants (heavy like Boxer or Griffin, Piranha, Pandur, Freccia..)(part UGV/OPV);
= +/- 48 armoured vehicles support variants (medium like EagleV 6×6 or Serval, LMV 6×6, or BvS10 successor for mountain …)(part UGV/OPV);
= +/- 72 armoured vehicles support variants (light like EagleV 4×4 or VBAE, LMV, VAMTAC, …)(part UGV/OPV);
= and +/- same total number in medium and light trucks, light utility vehicles, motorbikes and trailers.

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N/MGCS MEDIUM-HEAVY BATTLE TANK

(Possible) New or Main Ground Combat System (N/MGCS) has a crew of 4 in a 2×2 driving&fighting team, 2 in armoured module in front chassis (driver, communicator/gunner), 2 in armoured module in turret (second driver, commander/gunner). Both modules interconnected. All able from their positions to drive the tank and work the observation and targeting systems or the UAV and UGVs. The tank has a weight of 35t in its basic configuration, air transportable by A400M+ and larger, and 50t with all the extra armour installed. The N/MGCS is designed to accommodate armour in protection classes which are wholly or partly interchangeable. The tank has its hybrid engine in the front part of the chassis and reinforced rubber tracks. The tank is armed with a 130mm gun in the one-crew turret with a autoloader and magazine (24 rounds) in the back of the turret. this magazine can be connected to an additional magazine (12 rounds) in the rear side of the chassis for reload, with the turret in the forward position. Both turret and chassis magazine can be reloaded from outside by a supply vehicle. Coaxial a CT 5.56mm MG (artist’s impressions of a more conservative design as example – Werecat Tank by Marcel Adam CG)

EZV0RNAWsAAU3WU

Also an internal 60mm mortar for support infantry and close protection. On the turret roof a Land Protector RWS/APPS with a 40mm AGL and integrated active/passive protection system/APPS. In the back of the chassis on the other side of the magazine and the entrance a snap-in VLS is positioned for a mix of light ATGMs, light SAMs (or a combined missile?!) and light UCAVs. The space of the extra magazine and VLS in the back of the chassis can when empty also be used to transport personal in emergency or special missions. Access and exit for both crew and transported personal through a clamshell door in the middle of the back of the vehicle. The tank is equipped with passive and an active protection system (APPS) that is integrated with the RWS.

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marcel-adam-side-render-r-IFV-by StrategNL The chassis is the basis for also an medium/heavy infantry fighting vehicle IFV with an unmanned turret with CT40 mm cannon and same secondary armaments as the N/MGCS. Weight also difference in basic and up armoured modus of 30 to 45t and a crew of 2 + 10 infantry squad (see picture). And also a 155mm SP howitzer, SHORAD air defence, recovery, engineer and some other variants.

Another more futuristic (re)design (of the former Swedish UDES model) by me of a turretless future MGCS/tank with a crew of 4 again (2×2 driving&fighting team). Seeing more tasks (using and fighting drones, situational protection a.o.). Based on my own knowledge and insights on the topic. Would be my preference. Also in IFV version (2×2+8).
My future tank

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SHORAD SP AD – CANNON/SAM/LASER CIWS

Turret like AGM 155mm and SHORAD module with RAPIDFire NG (AESA radar, 2x CT40 40 mm cannons, a light SAM system (LFK-NG VLS) and a laser system CIWS and a RWS/APPS 40 mm AGL. Also naval version.

AGM SHORAD


MISSION TIME

Personal. Not 6 but 4 months. So 4×4 cycle of 4 months.
>>Work-up>mission>recuperation>maintenance><
And 1 on/3 off before a new mission.

Material can last longer and more cycles. Then rotating personal uses and/or maintain the same material.

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DJIBOUTI-EU-PIRACY-SECURITYNaval forces


VISION EDU 2045 NAVAL FORCES
(Example EDU Naval Forces 2045)

CV(N): +/- 72.000t – mix of max 72 fighters, helicopters, VTOL UAV’s and AEW&Tankers;
LHA: +/- 36.000t – mix of max 36 helicopters and VTOL UAV’s;
LHD: +/- 18.000t – mix of max 18 helicopters and VTOL UAV’s.


NAVAL TASK FORCES EDU

  • 6 Carrier Task Groups (2 operational at any time) of : 1 aircraft carrier, 2 destroyer/frigate air defence, 3 frigates ASW, 2 submarine SSK, 2 AOR vessels.
  • 6 Amphibious Task Groups (2 operational at any time) of : 1 LHA, 2 LHDs, 2 destroyer/frigate air defence, 3 frigates ASW, 2 submarines SSK, 2 AOR vessels.
  • 24 Patrol Task Groups (8 operational at any time) of : 1 destroyer/frigate air defence, 3 frigates ASW, 2 submarines SSK, 1 AOR vessel.
  • 12 Ocean Mine Countermeasures Task Groups (4 operational at any time) of : 4 Ocean MCM vessels.

Mostly in different and smaller formations, part in maintenance and other part working-up.


OPV MEDIUM UNMANNED SURFACE PATROL VESSEL 
– 1 with destroyer, frigate, corvette.

ctiuc-wwoaa9fou-kopie


OPV MEDIUM UNMANNED SURFACE SUPPORT VESSEL 
– 2 with fleet support ships and 1 with LST.

FCS 5009 Patrol 4


CANNON/SAM/LASER CIWS

  • Turret like AGM 155mm and SHORAD module with RAPIDFire NG (AESA radar, 2x CT40 40 mm cannons, a light SAM system (LFK-NG VLS) and a laser system CIWS and RWS/APPS 40 mm AGL. Also land version (see on picture).

AGM-Shorad-Iveco-8x8-


MISSION-TIME

For personal. Not 6 but 4 months. So 4×4 cycle of 4 months.
>>Work-up>mission/operational>recuperation>maintenance><
And 1 on/3 off before a new mission.

Material can last longer and more cycles. Then rotating personal uses and/or maintain the same material. Like a frigate that can stay 8 months away from its homeport and using a rotating 2 crew-model. 
(An example)
rotation scheme for naval vessels and crews

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un-a400m-un-rafale-et-un-eurofighter-allemand-lors-des-repetitions-a-parisAir forces

(example EDU Air forces 2045)
VISION EDU 2045 AIR FORCES


SQUADRON-SIZE
– 16 (+8 long maintenance, testing, reserve) for fighters, attack, transport and VTOL UCAV/OPV medium helicopters and trainers.
– 8 (+4 long maintenance, testing, training, reserve) or less for transport, AEW and tanker planes and MALE (VTOL) UCAV’s.
– 16 (+8 long maintenance, testing, reserve) for VTOL UCAV/OPV helicopter medium (H160M, AW139M, ..)
– 24 (+12 long maintenance, testing, reserve) for VTOL UCAV/OPV helicopter light (AWHero, V200 Skeldar, S100, VRS700, and successors)


HELICOPTER AVIATION REGIMENT
A regiment for every airmobile, mountain and marine brigade.
– 16 (+8 long maintenance, testing, reserve) attack helicopters;
– 16 (+8 long maintenance, testing, reserve) recce/utility OPV helicopters/large VTOL UCAV;
– 24 (+12 long maintenance, testing, reserve) medium VTOL UCAV;
– 16 (+8 long maintenance, testing, reserve) medium transport helicopters (NH90, AW101, future replacement);
– 16 (+8 long maintenance, testing, reserve) heavy transport helicopters (Chinook, future replacement).


NAVAL ATTACK HELICOPTER ASW/ASuW
– 3 on aircraft carrier
– 3 on LHA
– 3 on LHD
– 1 on DD/FF ASW
– 1 on DD/FF AD
– 1 on corvette


RESUPPLY TRANSPORT HELICOPTER
– 2 on AOR (+ 1 training&reserve)


VTOL UCAV/OPV HELICOPTER MEDIUM (H160M, AW139M, ..)
– 16+8 for every airmobile, mountain and marine brigade.
– 3 for every naval and air force base
– 3 for aircraft carrier
– 3 for LHA
– 3 for LHD
– 1 for AOR
– 1 for DD, FF and corvette

VTOL UCAV/OPV HELICOPTER LIGHT (AWHero, V200 Skeldar, S100, VRS700, and successors)
– 24+12 for every mechanised, airmobile, mountain and marine brigade.
– 3 for every naval and air force base
– 6 for aircraft carrier
– 6 for LHA
– 3 for LHD
– 2 for AOR
– 2 for DD, FF or corvette


MISSION TIME

Personal. Not 6 but 4 months. So 4×4 cycle of 4 months.
>>Work-up>mission>recuperation>maintenance><
And 1 on/3 off before a new mission.

Material can last longer and more cycles. Then rotating personal uses and/or maintain the same material.


EUropean programme for combat and transport helicopters (image example based on Airbus Helicopters X3).
Crew 2 + 20 fully equipped soldiers.
Crew in both versions in attack helicopter cockpit configuration and both armed with nose-mounted turret with 40mm CT cannon or 40 mm AGL and an assortment of external missiles can be mounted on the stub wings. The combat helicopter variant has more ammunition and larger propellant supply.
X3 utility concept

EUropean programme for heavy transport helicopter (Chinook-based example pictured).
Crew 2 + 40 fully equipped soldiers.
Future Chinook

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unnamedGendarmerie forces

…..


MISSION TIME

Personal. Not 6 but 4 months. So 4×4 cycle of 4 months.
>>Work-up>mission>recuperation>maintenance><
And 1 on/3 off before a new mission.

Material can last longer and more cycles. Then rotating personal uses and/or maintain the same material.

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WORKED OUT ARMED FORCES OF A COUNTRY BASED ON THESE ASSUMPTIONS

Future (today still fictional) country “The Netherlands 2045‘ (link in Dutch) or with still the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg the “Benelux Armed Forces 2045”. 
Strategische Visie Krijgsmacht Der Nederlanden 2045 (In Dutch)